Online discussions are one of the most popular communication tools for written dialogue in an online course. Spanning multiple formats and purposes, online discussions are typically categorized into forums, initiated with an initial message post, and categorized along a message “thread.” Just as in the face-to-face classroom, online discussions can occur between any number of participants who either contribute as part of a grade or informally, based on their own interest. However, the key distinction of online discussions is that participation is most often entirely virtual (anyplace) and usually occurs asynchronously (anytime).
Why Is It Important?
Online discussions are popular for many pedagogical reasons that center on their anyplace, anytime format. That is because online discussions:
- Accommodate individual spontaneity.
- Present multiple topics simultaneously.
- Offer more opportunity for in-depth, thoughtful reflection, and response.
- Level the playing field for students who typically shy away from classroom discussion.
- Can be tracked for participation and connected to an online gradebook.
In addition, online discussions are where the majority of community building takes place in an online course, so it is critical that instructors integrate sufficient opportunities for such interaction and collaboration. Online discussions are where individuals can connect on a personal level or discuss topics within teams. Creating instructor-to-learner and learner-to-learner interactions are important strategies to ensure the learner feels connected and is not just traveling through content and interacting with a computer.
How to Put Into Practice
Beyond their anyplace, anytime format, discussions in the online environment are quite similar to those in a face-to-face classroom as far as putting them into practice. Instructors still must choose the format that best suits the overall course or specific learning objectives; they need to integrate multiple types of discussion to cover a range of content; and they need to moderate each discussion in order to encourage learner contribution and maximize understanding of the topic.
Additionally, instructors may choose to use the learning management system discussion tools, or they may incorporate other discussion tools such as Google Docs, Piazza, Google Groups, or others depending on the format and type of discussion.
Note: Select the plus sign or headings to reveal additional content.
+ Discussion Formats
+ Tips for Successful Discussions
Where to Find Resources?
- Try these suggestions for increasing the impact of discussions.
- Create effective discussions using a variety of strategies and examples.
- Craft a discussion question using the discussion starter worksheet.
- Designate group roles in online discussions.
The “Online Discussions” self-directed course explores online discussion formats, in addition to key considerations, tips, and resources, to deal with a number of instructional and participation challenges.
Topics covered include:
- Discussions Types
- Instructor Roles in Online Discussion
- Discussion Design and Facilitation Tips
Note: This course is available for FREE to all UW-Madison faculty and staff. When you click the link you will be prompted to sign in with your UW-Madison NetID and password. Then you will be taken to the course homepage where you can learn more and complete activities.